Log to same file from multiple jvms using logback

Logback includes a feature which allows multiple jvms potentially running on different hosts to log to the same log file. This feature can be enabled by setting “prudent” property of an FileAppender to true.

<appender name="FILE" class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender">
         <!-- Support multiple-JVM writing to the same log file -->

Note – RollingFileAppender extends FileAppender with the capability to rollover log files.

This feature is implemented using the file locking API introduced in JDK 1.4.  The two threads that contend for the same file may be in different JVMs, or one may be a Java thread and the other some native thread in the operating system. The file locks are visible to other operating system processes because Java file locking maps directly to the native operating system locking facility.
A small code snippet from the FileAppender class implementing the prudent feature from logback looks like

public class FileAppender extends OutputStreamAppender {

protected void writeOut(E event) throws IOException {
      if (prudent) {
      } else {

final private void safeWrite(E event) throws IOException {
     ResilientFileOutputStream resilientFOS =
             (ResilientFileOutputStream) getOutputStream();
     FileChannel fileChannel = resilientFOS.getChannel();
     if (fileChannel == null) {
     FileLock fileLock = null;
     try {
       fileLock = fileChannel.lock();
       long position = fileChannel.position();
       long size = fileChannel.size();
       if (size != position) {
     } finally {
       if (fileLock != null) {


Posted on April 4, 2011, in logback and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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